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Stool examination, stool analysis - signs of disease ©


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An important diagnostic study that allows you to assess the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and other organs is the analysis of feces. The result can characterize the processes of digestion, help to find out about the presence of parasites, to clarify hidden or obvious bleeding. There are various types of research: macroscopic, microbiological, chemical, bacteriological.
The analysis of feces will turn out to be accurate if you follow the rules listed below:
1. A few days before collection, you must adhere to a diet. If the material is submitted for the purpose of detecting occult blood, foods containing iron are excluded from the diet. These include meat, fish, liver, tomatoes, buckwheat, apples. Medicines containing this substance should be excluded. Porridge, certain vegetables, fruits are allowed to eat;
2. It is not recommended to donate biological material to women on critical days. Cleansing, oil, hypertensive enemas lead to inaccuracies. Errors are noted after colonoscopy;
3. feces collected immediately after the act of defecation are suitable. Foreign impurities - bloody discharge, urine - are excluded;
4. The biological material is collected with a wooden spatula (spatula) into a special container. It should be taken to the laboratory immediately.
Symptoms of diseases detected during the study:
Fecal occult blood test helps detect bleeding from various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Pathological changes accompanying it: ulcer, colitis, Crohn's disease. Thanks to this study, it is possible to suspect tumors that cause vascular expression. They are the ones that cause minor bleeding.
A general analysis of feces can confirm a malfunction of the stomach, pancreas, and small intestines. With its help, it is possible to determine the lack of enzymes, hydrochloric acid.
Bacterioscopy allows you to determine the intestinal microflora, to identify the causative agents of typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera.
As a rule, the answer received helps the specialist to make a diagnosis. Together with him, an instrumental method can be prescribed, for example, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy.